Allied Academies, UK in conjunction with its institutional partners and Editorial Board Members, is delighted to invite you all to the "5th International Conferences on Tropical Medicine, Infectious Diseases and Public Health"
Tropical Medicine 2018 is a premier inter-multi-trans-disciplinary forum taking into account with different ideas and opinions about Tropical Medicine, Infectious diseases and Public Health.
This international and interdisciplinary conference will act as a centre for Tropical Disease Specialist, healthcare professionals, statisticians, clinicians, business professionals, foundation leaders, direct service providers, policymakers, researchers, academicians, advocates and others to discuss and exchange on recent Tropical Diseases related concepts, encouraging various methods in studying large disease burden and highlighting existing opportunities in the field of tropical medicine, public health and infectious diseases.
Tropical Medicine 2018 brings together professionals from every generation who share a commitment to reduce the global burden of diseases with the theme “Tracking global health issues from research to real-world solutions” expecting more than 350 healthcare professionals, working in and beyond Tropical Medicine and hygiene to share experiences and best practices through invited keynote, plenary lectures, symposia, workshops, invited sessions and posters covering a range of topics and important issues which affect us all from the research to the practical implementations.
What are Tropical Medicine and why are they important
Tropics are the region that truly at the centre of earth. It’s a warm region, having temperature ranges between 25 to 28 degree centregrade. Throughout recent history, tropical regions of the planet were severely suffering from infectious diseases as compared to the temperate world. Principal reasons why infectious diseases will thrive in such regions are often found in each environmental and biological factor that support high levels of biodiversity of pathogens, vectors and hosts, however conjointly in social factors that undermine efforts to manage these diseases. Such infectious diseases are identified merely as tropical diseases. Medicine has emerged as a vital discipline for this study. The foremost vital part of the analysis is deciding the connection between humans, microorganisms, and a vector which act like a carrier. Public Health is an approach that deals with entire community health.
The organizing committee is going to organize an exciting and informative conference program including plenary lectures, symposia, workshops on a variety of topics, poster presentations and various programs for participants from all over the world. We invite you to join us at Edinburgh, Scotland on September 17-18, 2018, where you will be sure to have a meaningful experience with scholars from around the world. All the members of Tropical Medicine organizing committee look forward to meet you at Lisbon, Portugal
Lisbon is the capital and the largest city of Portugal, with a population of 552,700 within its administrative limits in an area of 100.05 km. Its urban area extends beyond the city's administrative limits with a population of around 3 million people, being the 11th-most populous urban area in the European Union. About 3 million people live in the Lisbon Metropolitan Area (which represents approximately 27% of the country's population). It is continental Europe's westernmost capital city and the only one along the Atlantic coast. Lisbon lies in the western Iberian Peninsula on the Atlantic Ocean and the River Tagus. The westernmost areas of its metro area is the westernmost point of Continental Europe.
The prevention, control, and proper elimination of many tropical diseases depend solely on the availability of improved water,sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) in tropical areas. Treatment alone will not break the cycle of transmission; improvements of WASH infrastructure and appropriate health-seeking behaviour are essential to achieving sustained control, elimination, or eradication of many NTDs. The global planing for controlling and eliminating several tropical diseases are,like- trachoma, schistosomiasis, soil-transmitted helminthiasis, and Guinea worm, specifically reference the need for improved water and sanitation.
Parasites and other symbiotic species play an extremely important role in ecology of a community. In tropical and sub-tropical environments the consequences of parasitic infection are devastating in terms of both human morbidity and mortality as well as on agriculture and animal grazing. The consequences of these diseases are devastating and inhibit progress in many underdeveloped countries. Many factors contribute to poverty in these 'third world' countries, not the least of which is the presence of a host of killing, crippling and debilitating diseases. Different research organisations are doing research on medical parasitology for innovating new strategies in this field.
Chest medicines are also known as pulmology and respiratory medicine. A chest medicine is a branch of internal medicine, and it is related to intensive care medicine. Pulmonology often involves managing patients who need life support and mechanical ventilation. Chest medicine specialists are specially trained in diseases and conditions of the chest, particularly pneumonia, asthma, tuberculosis, emphysema, and difficult chest infections. Different research organisations are doing research on clinical chest medicine for innovating new strategies in this field.
Renal medicine, or nephrology, involves the care of patients with all forms of kidney disease. A major part of the work of renal specialists is the management of patients with acute kidney injury or advanced chronic kidney disease. This may involve renal replacement therapy, by dialysis or kidney transplant. Renal medicine clinical science is improving day by day to minimize renal diseases in tropical areas.
Diarrhoeal diseases is a tropical disease which accounts for considerable mortality and morbidity .In tropical areas it is more frequent due to not maintain proper hygiene, improper sanitation, lack of clean water. Diarrhea is an irregular bowel movements or a decrease in the form of stool. Although bowel movements frequency change and looseness of stools can vary independently of each other, changes often occur in both. Improvements in access to safe water and adequate sanitation, along with the promotion of good hygiene practices (particularly hand washing with soap), can help prevent childhood diarrhoea. In fact, an estimated 88 per cent of diarrhoeal deaths worldwide are attributable to unsafe water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene.
6. Tropical Medicine and Cardiovascular medicine: Cardiovascular disease is a kind of diseases that involve the heart or blood vessels. Cardiovascular disease includes coronary artery diseases such as angina and myocardial infarction. Cardiovascular medicines are only prescription drugs and medicines for diseases relating to the structure and function of the heart and blood vessel. Different diseases of heart are heart failure, coronary artery disease, high cholesterol, blood clots, circulation disorders etc. cardiovascular medicine advances are very important field of research for tropical region.
7. Infectious diseases and climate change: Now a day there is an apparent increase in many infectious diseases, which includes AIDS, hepatitis C, SARS, etc. This reflects the combined impacts of rapid demographic, environmental, social, technological and other changes in our lifestyle. Vectors, pathogens and hosts each can survive and reproduce within a specific range of optimal climatic conditions. Human exposure to different waterborne infections occurs by contact with contaminated drinking water, recreational water, or food. This may result from human actions, such as improper disposal of sewage wastes, or be due to climate change. Rainfall can influence the transport and transmission of infectious agents, while temperature affects growth and survival of them.
Infectious disease may be an unavoidable fact of life, but there are many strategies available to help us protect ourselves from infection and to treat a disease once it has developed. Bacterial diseases can treat by several antibiotics like-macrolide antibiotics, bita-lactam antibiotics, aminoglycoside antibiotics etc. Topical anti-fungal medications can be used to treat skin or nail infections caused by fungi. Some fungal infections, such as those affecting the lungs or the mucous membranes, can be treated with an oral antifungal. Some diseases, including malaria, are caused by tiny parasites. While there are drugs to treat these diseases, some varieties of parasites have developed resistance to the drugs.
Translational medicine is an area of research that aims to improve human health and longevity by determining the relevance to human disease of novel discoveries in the biological sciences. Translational medicine facilitates the characterization of disease processes and the generation of novel hypotheses based on direct human observation.
10. Infectious Diseases and Pathogenesis: The pathogenesis of infectious diseases reflects the relationship among the human host, the infectious agent, and the external environment portrays a host-agent-environment paradigm for the study of infectious diseases. The infectious agent can be either exogenous ( not normally found on or in the body) or endogenous (one that may be routinely cultured from a specific anatomic site but that does not normally cause disease in the host). Infection results when an exogenous agent is introduced into a host from the environment or when an endogenous agent overcomes innate host immunity to cause disease.
Antibiotics are medicines used to treat infections or diseases caused by bacteria .Antibiotics are used for a range of infections caused by bacteria, including urinary tract infections, skin infections and infected wounds. Antibiotics which affect a wide range of bacteria are called broad spectrum antibiotics (e.g. amoxicillin and gentamicin) and antibiotics that affect only a few types of bacteria are called narrow spectrum antibiotics (e.g. penicillin). Antibiotics mode of action is by blocking vital processes in bacteria, killing the bacteria, or stopping them from multiplying. This helps the body's natural immune system to fight the bacterial infection.
Nutrition plays an important role in preventing illness and reducing morbidity and mortality in people living with HIV, tuberculosis, malaria, and other infectious diseases. A healthy diet can help people with these diseases better manage symptoms, maximize the benefits of medications, and enhance their quality of life. In tropical areas numbers of nutrition education program should be organized to make people free from harmful infectious diseases.
Epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in particular populations, and the application of this study to the control of health problems. Distinctive strategies can be utilized to complete epidemiological examinations like, observation and engaging reviews can be utilized to study dispersion; analytical studies are used to study determinants.
14. Public Health and diseases Prevention: Public health is the science of protecting and improving the health of not only individuals but also communities through promotion of healthy lifestyles, research for disease and injury prevention, diagnosis and control of infectious diseases. Public health professionals are dedicated to prevent problems from happening or recurring through implementing educational programs, recommending policies, administering services and conducting research – in contrast to clinical professionals like doctors and nurses, who focus primarily on treating individuals after they become sick or injured. A broad part of public health is promoting healthcare equity, quality and accessibility and are dedicate to innovation in diseases prevention remedies.
Public Health Nursing activities are also called community nursing. It works within the community to improve the overall health of the area. It put together plans that alleviate or eliminate health or safety issues in a community, different issues like immunizations, STDs, and obesity. Community public health nursing also help communities prepare for natural disasters and assist in disaster relief efforts.
Public Health Medicine is dedicated for improving and protecting the health of the population, rather than treating individual patients. Public health medicine physicians have specialist knowledge regarding health protection, health service development and health improvement. They also work in the development of health policy, planning, implementation, monitoring and evaluation of services and programmes, the control of communicable and non-communicable diseases, reproductive health and diseases, environmental health and sustainable development, occupational health and health economics.
17. Public Health and Zoonosis: Several zoonotic diseases are major public health problems not only in India but also in different parts of the world. Some of them have been plaguing mankind from time immemorial and some have emerged as major problems in recent times. Diseases like plague, Japanese encephalitis, leishmaniasis, rabies, leptospirosis and dengue fever etc. have been major public health concerns in India and are considered important because of large human morbidity and mortality from these diseases.
18. Public health and Bioterrorism: A bioterrorism attack in a public place is a public health emergency. Early detection and rapid investigation is the key to contain such attacks. The role of public health epidemiologist is critical not only in determining the scope and magnitude of the attack but also in effective implementation of interventions.Bioterrorist attacks could be covert or announced and caused by virtually any pathogenic microorganism. An effective public health care system with strong disease surveillance, rapid epidemiological and laboratory investigation, efficient medical management, information, education and communication (IEC) will be required to counter any act of covert or overt bioterrorist attack.
Around the turn of the thousand years, various associations were set up to interface industry, government and non-legislative associations, and to advance the sharing of information about tropical illnesses — Medicines for Malaria, the TB and others. Pharmaceutical organizations, they contended, had compound libraries and torpid protected innovation that, for ranges in which they couldn't hope to procure noteworthy benefits, could be shared without undermining their monetary prospects. Organizations have likewise started to share their protected innovation through huge global frameworks, for example, the Research extend, built up in 2011 by the World Intellectual Property Organization to drive development around disregarded ailments, intestinal sickness and tuberculosis. Information and mixes, for instance, are made accessible through research assertions that indicate certain necessities, for example, affirmation that entrance to any final result is reasonable in the 49 least developed nations. The worldwide weight of dismissed tropical ailments, as characterized by the World Health Organization, and in addition jungle fever and tuberculosis is around 5.5% of the aggregate number of sound years lost to incapacity, weakness or early passing. In any case, innovative work spending on disregarded ailments in 2010 was just around 1% of worldwide well-being research spending. What's more, just 4% of treatments enrolled somewhere around 2000 and 2011 were demonstrated for disregarded sicknesses. The open research started in the previous decade could start to address these irregular characteristics.
The information developed in this report is intended only for the purpose of understanding the scope of hosting related international meetings at the respective locations. This information does not constitute managerial, legal or accounting advice, nor should it be considered as a corporate policy guide, laboratory manual or an endorsement of any product, as much of the information is speculative in nature. Conference Organizers take no responsibility for any loss or damage that might result from reliance on the reported information or from its use.